In the middle of Bogda Peak, 110 km (68miles) east of Urumqi, nestles Heavenly Lake. Covering 4.9 square kilometers (1.89 square miles), this crescent-shaped lake deserves its name, Pearl of Heavenly Mountain (Tianshan Mountain). With melted snow as its source, Heavenly Lake enjoys crystal water. In summer, the beautiful lake is an ideal cool resort. Boaters on the lake see the ever-changing silvery mountains soaring into the blue sky, their slopes highlighted with verdant pasture and flamboyant wild flowers. Fishing at dusk has its own special charm. A day in this fairyland promises restoration. Heavenly Lake, a relic of the Quaternary Period Glacier and its surrounding geological relics, offers science lovers exploring opportunities. As if the natural beauty of Heavenly Lake were not enough, legend adds a mysterious touch. It is said that the West Queen (Xi Wang Mu) entertained King Mu of the Western Zhou Dynasty (1100B.C.-771B.C.) at the Lake. The West Queen fell in love with the king and asked him in her poem, 'The white clouds drift while the mountains reach the blue sky. Passing thousands of mountains, crossing ten thousands of rivers, you come to us from a faraway place. If you are still strong and fine, would you like to come back to us again?' The king answered in his poem, 'After I go back to central China and lead the people to a prosperous life, I will come to you again.' We do not know why the king never returned. Only the placid lake and the silent mountains witnessed the lovesickness of the West Queen.
Red Hill is a symbol of Urumqi, owing to its uniqueness. The body of the mountain, made up of aubergine rock, has a reddish brown color, hence, the name Red Hill. The hill is 1.5km (0.93miles) long and 1km (0.62miles) wide from east to west. Less than 1km away, Yamalike Hill stands facing Red Hill. Legend has it that in ancient times a red dragon fled from Heavenly Lake and the Heavenly Empress caught him and sliced him in two with her sword. Later on, a hill was formed by each half of the dragon. The western hill is Yamalike Hill and the eastern one is Red Hill. The sword turned into the Urumqi River. Oddly enough, topographic pictures tell us the two hills were once one and were separated into two parts due to stratum rupture. Eventually, ancient legend affected real life. In 1785 and 1786, floods hit Urumqi causing much destruction. Rumors arose that Red Hill and Yamalike Hill were growing closer and closer together. Once they met, the Urumqi River between the two hills would be blocked and the city would become flooded as the water rose. Therefore, in 1788 Shang An, the highest military officer, ordered the Zhen Long (in Chinese, to subdue the dragon) Pagodas built on both hills. These two pagodas were made of gray brick, 10.5- meter (34.4-foot)-high with six sides, nine stories, and an octagonal roof. Today, Red Hill has been developed into the beautiful Red Hill Park. Modern entertainment facilities and ethnic performances bring a fresh and lively atmosphere to the park. On the peak of Red Hill, you will have the whole city of Urumqi before your eyes!
Polish the scenic spot of the ditch with a waterstone
The 5 kilometers in the suburb northeast of urban area of Urumchi in scenic spot to polish by ditch with a waterstone, it polish with a waterstone ditch river wear flow from it. The ancient wood of two sides is whirling, the current of spring gushes. Ancient temple, pavilion platform are interspersed among them. As far back as Qing Dynasty, here had already laid out into the excursion center. Expire by midsummer, crowded each time. Rebuilt and extended nowadays, has already formed a park of the suburbs. There are famous hot springs, long-term water temperature 28 --30 ?, includes potassium, sodium, magnesium, potassium nitrate, radon, many kinds of elements such as zinc, have certain curative effect, can drink to arthritis, dermatosis, etc. as the mineral water. Built up a massage physiotherapy hospital of hot spring here in 1982, introduced the medical apparatus of Japan, the scale is new. Many non local visitors specially come here and recuperate in hospital.
The word 'Urumqi' originally means 'Beautiful Pastures' in Mongolian. Fortunately in the suburb of the city of Urumqi there lies the Southern Pastures, a beautiful pasture the pastoral Kazakh inhabit and graze in summer. Covering an area of 119 square kilometers (about 45 square miles), Southern Pastures, the natural large and famous summer resort, 75 kilometers (about 46 miles) away from the city, is located in the Southern Mountain, the area at the northern foot of Karawuquntag Mountain. It takes you about one hour by bus from Urumqi to get to West White Poplar Gully which is one of most typical sights. On the way, you can see the bright snowcapped Karawuquntag Mountain, the wandering valleys, hear the gurgle of springs, and smell the lush spruce trees. In the thicket of the lush spruce trees, let your eyes delight in the traditional villas and the scattered Kazakstan yurts as they paint the grassland and pastures. As you stand in the pastures, you can see the forest of emerald green spruce on a chain of undulating grass hills dotted with combined flocks and herds. As you immerse yourself in this beautiful site, the singing of the Kazakh may envelop you and inspire you to sing with them. You can visit one of the traditional yurts locating in the spruce forest where you will be welcomed by a generous host with fragrant milk tea, mare's milk, cheese and roasted lamb. If you are lucky enough, you will be able to observe the amazing horseracing and traditional Kazakh dancing. After you walk 2 kilometers (about 1.2 miles) north into the Gully you will come to a natural cliff that is a 2-meter (6.6 feet) wide waterfall. As it roars down a 40 meters (131 feet) drop, it creates mist and a floating rainbow, both of which help to refresh and relax you. If you are reluctant to leave this delightful spot, you can stay at the yurt rest house. But remember that the weather is cold at night in mountain areas so you should bring more clothes and a flashlight which is a necessity. Additional beautiful spots in Southern Pastures from west to east are respectively Chrysanthemum Tai (a table-board of alluvial fan), East White Poplar Gully, Zhaobi Mountain, Miao'er Gully and Da'xi Gully. With the embellishment by these other sights, Southern Pastures is even more beautiful and fascinating. West White Poplar Gully is the preferred place in the Southern Pastures for touring on horseback the pasture so that you can enjoy a relaxing but invigorating summer holiday.
Xinjiang Regional Museum
Situated in Xibei Lu, in Urumqi City, the Xinjiang Regional Museum is a large integrated museum and centre for the collection and study of cultural relics in Xinjiang. The museum, which was built in 1953, has an exhibition hall that covers an area of about 7,800 square meters (approx. 9,328 square yards). The building is in a Uigur style, the internal decor having strong ethnic features. In total there are over 50,000 items in the collection. These not only represent the ethnic lifestyle and humanity of the region but also illustrate its revolutionary spirit. With such an abundance of items on display, the exhibition is widely acknowledged for its comprehensive and informative nature both at home and abroad. The exhibition relating to folk customs includes costumes, tools and every day necessities. Together they vividly illustrate for us the dress, lifestyle, religion, marriage customs, festivals and other aspects of the colorful life of the 12 minorities that live in Xinjiang. The historical relics include carpentries, ironwares, bronze wares, bright and beautiful brocades, tomb figures, pottery, coins, rubbings from stone inscriptions, and writings as well as weapons and so on. These give an insight into the past and show how the society of Xinjiang developed. There is even the fossil of a human head that dates back some 10,000 years. The display of ancient corpses is fantastic, for it was in this region that a great number of ancient and well preserved remains were discovered. These are quite different from the mummies in Egypt that were created by skilled embalming procedures; the Xinjiang corpses were dried by the particular natural environment. In all there are twenty-one specimens in the collection and include men, women, lovers, and generals. The 'Loulan beauty' is among the best preserved and famous ones in the museum. The 'Loulan beauty' has a reddish brown skin, thick eyelashes, charming large eyes, and long hair. This particular 'charming' corpse has survived for an estimated 4,000 years. A visit to Xinjiang museum need not be dictated by the seasons. You can come here whenever to see the amazing human remains and all the other precious relics, and so learn more about the brilliant civilization that flourished in Xinjiang.
Urumqi Zoo is also called "Southern Park" by many people,situated in the southern Urumqi. Urumqi Zoo is the unique specialty zoo in Xinjiang, China with an area of 31.6 hectares.Besides the large-scale exhibition area for animals , restaurants, entertainments, leisure, scenic spots and so on are also available. There are a number of things to do while enjoying the zoo. These activities include but are not limited to hiking, photography, star gazing, trail rides and wildlife watching. You will discover nearly 3,000 creatures of 170 different species from five continents which live in huts with over 20 various architectural styles ,such as white swan, wild donkey£¬goat£¬ snow leopard, Panthera tigris altaica £¬Africa king of beasts, hippo , chimpanzee, red-crowned crane , black bear, deer and so on.
The magnificent Tartar Mosque, located at the south end of the Jiefang Road of Urumqi, Xinjiang Uygur Atonomous Region, was built by the local Tartar people in 1897 entirely from donations. The mosque is the center for peaceful Islamic activities in Urumqi City. Covering over 3,000 square meters (0.74 acre), the community worship hall alone is over 800 square meters (0.2 acre) and accomodates people by the thousands. As expected, the decor is elaborate with exquisite porches, carvings, and paintings all throughout. Tartar Mosque is one of the very few mosques open to visitors. All visitors, male and female, will need to gain approval to enter the mosque. The opportunity to visit this mosque is especially significant for female visitors as Islamic law states that women are not allowed. Some Mosque Rules for Visitors: 1. Do not shake hands or touch the heads of the clerics. 2. Keep your voice to a minimal level. 3. Do not wear short pants, short sleeved shirts, or sandals.
Located in the downtown of Urumqi in Xinjiang Province, the Southern Mosque is an important historic heritage site. This center of Moslem worship was built in 1919 and subsequently renovated on three different occasions. Covering an area of about one acre, the mosque accommodates 1,100 Moslems. The most eye-catching architectural features on the property are found in the minaret; the bathing pool; the guest reception hall and most impressive and exquisite of all, the prayer hall. The roof the prayer hall is covered with a variety of glazed tiles and the ceiling is decorated with colorful patterns of flowers and plants. There are also 22 flying dragons carved on the ridge that add to the building's magnificence. The prayer hall has an inside section that can accommodate about 300 worshippers and an outside with a capacity of 500. The corridor walls separating the two sections are festooned with vividly painted screens of orchids, bamboos and water lilies.
The geographical centre of continent of Asia
Only unique " Asia mainland geographical in the center " is about 30 km from southwest of urban area office, east longitude is 87.19'52", North latitude is 43.40'37" It is the continent of Asia that is in the point which does not have position of centre of weighing apparatus. " heart of Asia " is determined by the branch of Xinjiang of Chinese Academy of Sciences, and passed country qualification formally in 1992. At present, a grand " heart of Asia" indicates the tower rises sheer from level ground, every letter A of first in English form Asia, represent Asia; It regular diameter meter of stainless steel balls, represent the earth, hang down the heart again under the steel ball, the detachment tower concentrates new Asia on pursuing miniaturly, represents the heart of Asia; The total height of body of the tower is 18 meters. Tower 66.667 wasteland plan ten thousand Nation amusement development base of city promote trade and investment to Asia various countries as " heart of Asia" around the heart in the future.